avalanche breakdown voltage

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English-Ukrainian dictionary of microelectronics. 2013.

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  • Avalanche breakdown — is a phenomenon that can occur in both insulating and semiconducting materials. It is a form of electric current multiplication that can allow very large currents to flow within materials which are otherwise good insulators. Explanation Avalanche …   Wikipedia

  • Breakdown voltage — of an Insulator is the minimum voltage that causes a portion of an insulator to become electrically conductive. Breakdown Voltage of a diode is the minimum reverse voltage to make the diode conduct in reverse. Some devices (such as TRIACs) also… …   Wikipedia

  • Avalanche photodiode — Avalanche photodiodes (APDs) are photodetectors that can be regarded as the semiconductor analog to photomultipliers. By applying a high reverse bias voltage (typically 100 200 V in silicon), APDs show an internal current gain effect (around 100) …   Wikipedia

  • Avalanche transistor — An Avalanche Transistor is a bipolar junction transistor designed for operation in the region of its collector current/collector to emitter voltage characteristics beyond the collector to emitter breakdown voltage, called avalanche breakdown… …   Wikipedia

  • Avalanche diode — An avalanche diode is a diode (usually made from silicon, but can be made from another semiconductor) that is designed to go through avalanche breakdown at a specified reverse bias voltage and conduct as a type of voltage reference.The Zener… …   Wikipedia

  • Voltage spike — In electrical engineering, spikes are fast, short duration electrical transients in voltage (voltage spikes), current (current spike), or transferred energy (energy spikes) in an electrical circuit.Fast, short duration electrical transients… …   Wikipedia

  • Voltage regulator tube — A voltage regulator tube (VR tube) is an electronic component used as a shunt regulator to hold a voltage constant at a pre determined level.Physically, these devices resemble vacuum tubes, but there are two main differences: * Their glass… …   Wikipedia

  • Avalanche (disambiguation) — An avalanche is a cascade of snow down a slope.Groups and things that have been named after the avalanche include:Phenomena: *Rock avalanche *Avalanche breakdown, an electrical process *Avalanche effect, aka bit avalanche , a desirable property… …   Wikipedia

  • Voltage regulator — A popular three pin 12 V DC voltage regulator IC. A voltage regulator is an electrical regulator designed to automatically maintain a constant voltage level. A voltage regulator may be a simple feed forward design or may include negative feedback …   Wikipedia

  • Single-Photon Avalanche Diode — In optoelectronics the term Single Photon Avalanche Diode (SPAD)(also know as a Geiger mode APD or G APD) identifies a class of solid state photodetectors based on a reverse biased p n junction in which a photo generated carrier can trigger an… …   Wikipedia

  • Electron avalanche — An electron avalanche is a process in which a number of free electrons in a medium (usually a gas) are subjected to strong acceleration by an electric field, ionizing the medium s atoms by collision (called impact ionization), thereby forming new …   Wikipedia

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